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精品推荐 ---翡翠原石

翡翠(jadeite),也称翡翠玉jadites,翠玉、缅甸玉,是玉的一种。翡翠的正确定义是以硬玉矿物为主的辉石类矿物组成的纤维状集合体,但是翡翠并不等于硬玉,翡翠是在地质作用下形成的达到玉级的石质多晶集合体,主要由硬玉或硬玉及钠质(钠铬辉石)和钠钙质辉石(绿辉石)组成,可含有角闪石、长石、铬铁矿、褐铁矿等。此翡翠原石呈冰飘蓝,色泽亮丽通透。在古代翡翠是一种生活在南方的鸟,毛色十分美丽,通常有蓝、绿、红、棕等颜色。一般这种鸟雄性的为红色,谓之“翡”,雌性的为绿色,谓之“翠”。寸开泰撰写的《腾越乡土志》记载:“腾为萃数,玉工满千,制为器皿,发售滇垣各行省。上品良玉,多发往粤东、上海、闽、浙、京都。至清末民初,仅腾冲城内即有翡翠作坊百余家,玉雕工匠三千余人,所琢“器皿发售滇垣各行省上品良玉,多发往粤东、上海、闽、浙、京都《寸开泰《腾越乡土志》产翡翠的缅甸勐拱、密支那一带,距我国云南边境只有150公里。在明朝万历年间,此地曾属永昌府(今云南省保山市)管辖。由于历史的原因,被称为"东方瑰宝"的翡翠经云南腾冲、瑞丽等边城输入我国,已有四五百年的历史。

Jadeite, also known as jadites, is a kind of jade. The correct definition of jadeite is fibrous aggregate composed of pyroxene minerals mainly composed of jadeite minerals, but jadeite is not equal to jadeite. Jadeite is a kind of stone polycrystalline aggregate with jade grade formed under geological process, which is mainly composed of jadeite or jadeite, sodium (nachrome pyroxene) and sodium calcareous pyroxene (omphacite), and can contain hornblende, feldspar, chromite, limonite, etc 。 The original jadeite stone is ice floating blue with bright and transparent color. In ancient times, jadeite was a kind of bird living in the south. Its coat color was very beautiful. It usually had blue, green, red, brown and other colors. Generally, the male of this bird is red, which is called "jadeite", and the female is green, which is called "Cui". "Tengyue vernacular annals" written by Cun Kaitai records that "Teng is a collection of numbers, and jade works are full of thousands. They are made into utensils and sold to all provinces in Yunnan yuan. Top grade jade is mostly sent to East Guangdong, Shanghai, Fujian, Zhejiang and Kyoto. To the end of the Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, there were more than 100 jadeite workshops in Tengchong, and more than three thousand jade carvings craftsmen. They thought, "utensils are sold on the top of the Yunnan Province, and they are sent to Guangdong, Shanghai, Fujian, Zhejiang and Kyoto" Burma's Meng Gong and Myitkyina area, which are 150 kilometers from the border of Yunnan. During the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty, this place was under the jurisdiction of Yongchang prefecture (now Baoshan City, Yunnan Province). Due to historical reasons, jadeite, known as "oriental treasure", has been imported into China for four or five hundred years through Tengchong and Ruili, Yunnan

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