Jinxian jade refers to a special processing technology of gold and jade, that is, inlaid all kinds of jade on gold objects to reflect the brilliance of gold and jade, and sometimes refers to the gold and jade objects made from this processing technology, which have a long history and exquisite production. In Chinese traditional culture, gold and jade sign noble and pure, can be called noble auspicious and transcendent perfect combination.
When the traditional single form of jade carving can no longer meet people's wear, aesthetic needs, there is a combination of gold and jade. The combination of gold and jade enriches the traditional style of jade carving. The warm temperament of jade and the shining of gold are the emphasis on the two most noble materials in Chinese traditional culture.
The craft of gold and jade was first seen in the warring States period, the Spring and Autumn warring States period princes melee, ideological and cultural, technological and other aspects are extremely prosperous, gilded gold and silver, wrong gold and silver, mosaic skills often appear on the same object. Unearthed in the middle of the warring States period duck first package gold embedded jade silver hook, can be regarded as "gold set jade" pioneering work.
During the Sui and Tang dynasties, social stability and prosperity, aesthetic ability and technological level also significantly improved with the level of productivity. As a result, the shape, pattern, collocation and manufacturing technology of gold-set jade jewelry also developed greatly, which was very popular at that time. During the Sui and Tang dynasties, foreign cultural and economic exchanges were very frequent, and the two dynasties of Sui and Tang dynasties had rich exotic customs.
In Chinese traditional culture, the dragon, Phoenix, tortoise, unicorn, and beast are generally called Rui beast. The five animals have different meanings and bear the beautiful sustenance in Chinese traditional thought. Therefore, it is common in the residence, officialdom and some exorcism blessing devices.
A collection of gold jade pendant, weighing 88.8 g, in which gold jade tortoise, tortoise back texture dense, the Chinese have always believed that the tortoise hidden the secrets of heaven and earth, so it has become a mysterious and rich cultural connotations of animals. At the same time, because the tortoise life is very long, so it has become a symbol of longevity, people often use "tortoise age" to describe people's longevity or combined with "crane age" called "tortoise age crane life" and "tortoise crane Qi Ling ". Since ancient times, people believe that it can bring auspicious spirit, tortoise has become the spirit of the first prophet, put jade tortoise can turn yin and yang, adjust indoor yin and yang balance and natural magnetic field, can make up for luck and wealth, with jade turtle town house can be peaceful, auspicious and rich.
Rui means good and auspicious; Rui beast is an auspicious fairy beast. The worship of Rui beast shows the simple desire of the working people in ancient China to want peace and happiness, and the totem worship of Rui beast is a kind of pursuit and awe of the relatives, ancestors and protective gods of the primitive human group, and is the earliest cultural phenomenon in human history. They have survived from ancient times.